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Austria is a land-locked country in Western Europe, bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.
Austria has a population of 8. The history of football in Austria started in the late 19th century with the rising popularity of the new sport.
In the first football team of the country was formed with the creation of the First Vienna Football Club. From this nucleus, the Austrian football federation was established in At present it is composed of two divisions — the Bundesliga and First League Erste Liga - which both have 10 teams.
There is relegation and promotion between the two leagues. The third tiers are the regional leagues Regionalliga , which are split into three geographical divisions: The fourth tier is the state league Landesliga , with the 2.
Teams, like Hakoah Wien were banned and others, like Austria Wien were first closed and then renamed. Finally, the operation of the junior teams was handed over to the local Hitlerjugend units.
From , the league was renamed Gauliga Donau-Alpenland to further eradicate the memory of Austria as an independent country. The league returned to a Vienna-only format in , briefly named 1.
Klasse once more before changing to just Liga in Only upon the introduction of the all-Austrian Staatsliga A in did teams from the whole federal territory finally play for the Austrian Championship.
However, the road to organising the Staatsliga proved difficult. A conflict between the representatives of the amateur and the professional aspects of the sport led to the separation of the Viennese league from the football federation, and to the establishment of its own competition on 30 June At the statutory Presidential Election Council of the Austrian Football Association only a few days later a surprising turn took place — upon the request of Lower Austria, the introduction of the Staatsliga was finally and unanimously confirmed.
This league, however, was disbanded again in , whereby the Staatsliga A dropped the A from its name, the need for differentiating having been gone.
The Nationalliga remained as the second division, for now. In the —75 season the Bundesliga was introduced which, still led by the Austrian Football Association, aligned both of the highest divisions in Austria.
From to it played with sixteen clubs with each club playing the others twice. The top eight clubs then advanced to the championship round Officially: Oberes Play-off who again played each other twice.
The bottom four of the autumn round played the top four of the First League to determine the four teams to play in the Bundesliga in the following season.
This modus was used for the next eight seasons until when the league returned to the ten team format it originally operated in. From the Season the League will expand from its current 10 teams to 12 teams.
Since the Bundesliga has carried its own responsibility as a separate association, and organises the championships of the two highest divisions in Austria.
Both are named after their sponsors; since the Bundesliga is named after sports-betting company, Tipico. The Bundesliga also represents professional football in Austria, in co-operation with the football clubs themselves.
The Bundesliga is legally a non-profit organisation. The Bundesliga is represented by an acting executive committee, which supports a supervisory board.
Each association of the two professional leagues is represented in presidential conferences; these have advisory function in all affairs concerning the Bundesliga.
The first senate is responsible for suspensions and for the running of championship games. The second senate functions as an arbitration board for financial disagreements, the third senate is responsible for all financial concerns and the fourth senate is the panel of referees for the Bundesliga.
To accomplish this, the Bundesliga requires economic audits of the teams, the introduction of laws particular to professional football, TV marketing, centralised sponsorship and collective marketing for all teams.
In the Tipico Bundesliga, 10 teams play a "double championship" with each team playing every other twice at home and twice away during a championship year which is divided into an autumn and a spring season.
The season typically lasts from July to June of the following year. At the end of the season, the team finishing in last place in the table is relegated to the Sky Go Erste Liga, the champion of which is promoted to the Tipico Bundesliga.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. List of Austrian football champions. Association football portal Austria portal. Retrieved 4 June